Prejudice toward American Muslims An Integrated Threat Analysis

Prejudice toward American Muslims

An Integrated Threat Analysis

Stephen M. Croucher, Dini Homsey, Erin Brusch, Christine Buyce, Shirley DeSilva, & Aretha Thompson

Marist College- USA


This study explores prejudice toward American Muslims. Prejudice is conceptualized using Stephan and Stephan’s integrated threat theory (ITT). ITT identifies four kinds of threat that can lead to prejudice: realistic threats, symbolic threats, stereotypes, and intergroup anxiety. Data were gathered in the United States (N = 281) among self-identified Christians. Findings confirm: 1) a positive correlation between real and symbolic threats, and stereotypes, 2) increased contact with an immigrant group, in this case Muslims, is negatively correlated with perceptions of real and symbolic threat, and 3) levels of prejudice differ based on level of education. Theoretical and practical implications of the relationship between prejudice, interpersonal contact/communication, and education are discussed